Cuban uses condoms, tropical fruit to make own brand of wine
By Andrea Rodriguez | AP April 3 at 1:15 AM
HAVANA — The sweet smell of fermenting fruit fills the streets around
the modest Havana home where Orestes Estevez and his family fill glass
jugs with grapes, ginger and hibiscus, then slip a condom over each
glass neck to start the unusual process of winemaking in a land famed
From origins as an illicit backyard still, Cuba's "El Canal" winery has
become a flourishing business that annually produces thousands of
gallons of wine flavored with guava, watercress and beets.
Estevez, 65, has made wine for decades. After a career in the military
and security services he legalized his business and opened a tiny winery
in 2000 as communist Cuba took the first steps toward allowing private
Today, Estevez, his wife, son and an assistant tend to 300 jugs
containing five gallons (20 liters) of wine apiece. The main ingredient
is Cuban grapes, but added flavors include tropical fruits and
vegetables of virtually every variety.
The winery has become a neighborhood attraction, with residents of the
El Cerro neighborhood sitting on the curb at all hours sipping Estevez's
wine from green glasses.
The most remarkable sight, however, are hundreds of bottles capped with
condoms that slowly inflate as the fruity mix ferments and produces
gases. When the fermentation is over and there are no more gases, the
condom stops inflating and falls, and the wine is ready for bottling.
"Putting a condom on a bottle is just like with a man," Estevez said.
"It stands up, the wine is ready, and then the process is completed."
All told, it takes a month to 45 days to produce a jar of wine.
Estevez's product is bottled and sold for consumption in homes and
restaurants, with sales at an average of 50 bottles a day for 10 Cuban
pesos (40 cents) apiece. It's an accessible pleasure for Cubans who earn
an average of $25 a month and can't afford imported wine that sells for
at least half of that, and often many times more, in state-run liquor
Thanks to a U.S. trade embargo and the inefficiencies of Cuba's
centrally-planned economy, thousands of products are near-impossible to
find on the island. That forces Cubans to make do with what they have,
and condoms have been put to many new uses.
Dozens of fishermen inflate them and use them off Havana's seaside
promenade, or Malecon, where the improvised floats carry bait far out to
sea and increase its resistance against tugging fish. In the case of
Estevez's business and dozens of smaller home wineries across Cuba, the
condoms are pricked with a pin once or twice to allow the slow release
of gas and replace the sophisticated valves used to trap and release
pressure in more technologically advanced winemaking operations.
Angel Garcia, a 43-year-old state auditor, said he used to buy homemade
wine of dubious quality from an acquaintance in Havana's Vedado
neighborhood, but Estevez had won his business.
"I like coming here a lot," Garcia said. "I earn $16 a month and I'm not
going to spend it buying wine from the store."
Andrea Rodriguez on Twitter: www.twitter.com/ARodriguezAP
Source: Cuban uses condoms, tropical fruit to make own brand of wine -
The Washington Post -